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Treatment Outcome

TUBERCULOSIS TREATMENT OUTCOME FOR COHORT NOTIFIED IN 2015

New and relapse cases

Analysis of the 59,293 TB cases notified in 2015 shows that the overall treatment success for new and relapse cases was 90%. 3,531 (5.8%) died while still on treatment, 106 (0.2%) failed treatment and 1,091 (2%) lost to follow up. During the same reporting year, the number of TB cases which were not evaluated due to being transferred out of their respective regions  was noted still higher at 1,602 (2.6%).

The treatment outcomes for individual groups of TB vary from 90% treatment success rate for new smear positive TB to 81% of TB relapses. The table below summarizes treatment outcomes of groups.

TB treatment outcome of new and relapses TB cases notified in 2015

Treatment Outcomes B. Confirmed Clinically diagnosed Pulmonary Clinically diagnosed Relapse   All forms - new and relapse
          -Extra Pulmonary        
  number % number % number % number % number %
Cured 19884 82   0   0 808 70 20692 34
Treatment Completed 2052 8 20338 89 11356 90 127 11 33873 56
Treatment Success 21936 90 20338 89 11356 90 935 81 54565 90
Failure 91 0.4   0   0 15 1 106 0.2
Died 1032 4.2 1527 7 898 7 74 6 3531 5.8
Lost to follow up 533 2 353 2 181 1 24 2 1091 2
Evaluated 23592 97 22218 98 12435 98 1048 91 59293 97
Notified 24290 100 22777 100 12679 100 1149 100 60895 100

The trend of treatment outcomes of the new and relapse cases for over decade, the treatment success rates have improved from about 80% in 2001 to 91% in 2014 and consistently maintained above 85% since 2005. Similarly, the death rate has progressively been declining since 2006 from 8% to 6% in 2014.